Metapost: Roger Ebert on the Five-Star Rating System
So why am I posting a link to a blog posting from Roger Ebert on this here review site? This is a webcomic site, not a movie site! No doubt some you want to sit me down, pour me a nice, cold glass of milk, and say: “El Santo, webcomics are COMICS on THE WEB.”
And I’d drink that milk because it’s a particularly warm day in Seattle today, and because I need some calcium. But Ebert comments on an interesting grievance that may be of interest to the many reviewers who drop by this site: “You give out too many stars.”
Hence, I’m posting this link because I get a lot of questions — surprise! — on why certain webcomics are ranked the way they do. Ebert discusses the topic of star ratings, and he elaborates on these nifty points:
- Gene Siskel boiled it down: “What’s the first thing people ask you? Should I see this movie? They don’t want a speech on the director’s career. Thumbs up–yes. Thumbs down–no.”
- Once the scent of blood is in the water, the sharks arrive. I like to write as if I’m on an empty sea. I don’t much care what others think. “The Women” scored an astonishingly low 28 score at Metacritic. “Sex and the City” scored 53. How could “The Women” be worse than SATC? See them both and tell me. I am never concerned about finding myself in the minority.
- I have quoted countless times a sentence by the critic Robert Warshow (1917-1955), who wrote: “A man goes to the movies. The critic must be honest enough to admit that he is that man.” If my admiration for a movie is inspired by populism, politics, personal experience, generic conventions or even lust, I must say so. I cannot walk out of a movie that engaged me and deny that it did.
- I cringe when people say, “How could you give that movie four stars?” I reply, “What in my review did you disagree with?” Invariably, they’re stuck for an answer. One thing I try to do is provide an accurate account of what you will see, and how I feel about it. I cannot speak for you. Any worthwhile review is subjective.
At the end, he recalls the Little Man rating system from Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle. The Webcomic Overlook follows a similar philosophy to the Little Man, though I use little Mario stars rather than fanciful little men.
The meanings of the various Little Man icons have been subject to interpretation, even here at the Chronicle.
First, the easy ones:
Little Man #1: THE LITTLE MAN JUMPING OUT OF HIS SEAT CLAPPING: This is reserved for hands-down great films. But it also, in practice, ends up going to A-minus films, because we don’t have the equivalent of a three and a half star rating. With A-minus it can go either way. Basically, I try not to give this rating unless I love it.
Little Man #2: THE CLAPPING LITTLE MAN: This is a definite endorsement. No B-minuses here. This is telling people that they will enjoy this movie. So anything that’s definitely good and definitely not great resides here.
We’ll skip little man #3, save him for the end, and go to…
Little Man #4: THE SLEEPING LITTLE MAN: This is instruction not to go. Definitely bad, definitely not worth seeing. But maybe, just maybe, there’s a single decent scene in there (there usually is), some glimmer of something that might have been.
Little Man #5: THE EMPTY CHAIR: This doesn’t mean, of course, that the critic actually left. As you know, we can never leave. But it means that the movie is a complete bomb with nothing redeeming about it. However, in some cases, the extent of the awfulness can give the movie a kind of purity — like, say, Bo Derek and Anthony Quinn in “Ghosts Can’t Do It.” This is probably why the kiss-of-death rating is actually not this rating but the SLEEPING little man rating. Some people actually like the idea of going to EMPTY CHAIR movies.
Which brings us to the ambiguous one . . .
Little Man #3: THE “ALERT” LITTLE MAN: Because we don’t have half-stars, the Alert or Interested Little Man takes up the mid-range and is used for everything from almost-OK-but-not-quite to almost-no-good-but-not quite, which is actually quite a wide range. Every so often, an editor decides that the Interested Little Man should be considered a positive review, the equivalent of a two-and-a-half star rating, and that’s actually how I try to use it — for reviews that are, on balance, positive, but the buyer should beware. A decent but unexceptional genre film would come into this range. If it doesn’t transcend the genre, it will mean that someone not drawn to the genre wouldn’t like it; hence the Interested Little Man.
The temptation is to overuse this rating as a way of being wishy-washy, but it’s worth remembering that for the reader, it’s the most disappointing rating, in that it’s journalistically the least interesting. It gets used a lot, because in reality a lot of movies end up in this zone, but it can’t be used as an excuse for indecisiveness.
I think that about sums it up.
So there you go, ladies and gents! The Webcomic Overlook follows a variation of the rating system that Roger Ebert calls “the only rating system that makes sense.” If questions still persist, I may have to replace those stars with the tiny fellas. Maybe some guy crashed on a sofa and laughing softly while clicking on the laptop touchpad button.